Heritage Collection – Mountain Railways
Three unique hill station and three unique rail tracks to reach there. It makes it one Unique heritage site, The Mountain Railway.
Listed as UNESCO world heritage site in the year 1999, consist of three Indian railway: The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway located in the foothills of the Himalayas in West Bengal (Northeast India) running on a 2ft narrow guage and runs 88kms. from siliguri to Darjeeling, The Nilgiri Mountain Railways located in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu (South India) is a single track metre guage line which runs 46 kms between Mettupalayam and the hill station of Udagamandalam and The Kalka Shimla Railway located in the Himalayan foothills of Himachal Pradesh (Northwest India) running on 2ft 6in narrow guage line and 95.66 kms long connects kalka with shimla. This line originally had 103 tunnels but now has 102. All three railways are still fully functional and operational.
Mountain railway originally consist of five railways, the other two Matheran Hill Railway in Maharasthra and Kangra Valley Railway in Himachal.
The Mountain Railways of India are outstanding examples of hill railways. Opened between 1881 and 1908 they applied bold and ingenious engineering solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty. They are still fully operational as living examples of the engineering enterprise of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.