An Insider Guide to Delhi Heritage Monuments
Delhi the capital of India is located at the end of Western Gangetic plain. It is acclaimed for being the cultural capital of India. Delhi is part of the Gangetic River Basin in Northern India. It lies on the banks of the Yamuna River. Delhi is bordered by Uttar Pradesh to the east and on the other three sides by the state of Haryana. Located almost entirely within the Gangetic plains, the topography of Delhi is mainly flatland plains, with the only variations being the flood plains of River Yamuna and the Delhi Ridge formed by an extension of the ancient Aravalli Hills. This city has something for everyone as it is the one of the oldest cities of the world. The rich history of the city has made it to have some of the top UNESCO heritage sites. Here is a guide of Delhi Heritage Monuments
The Red Fort
Red Fort Delhi is an architectural marvel and was built by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan. The name red fort is given because of the extensive use of red sandstone; the construction work was started in 1638 and finished in 1648. It took ten years to complete this fort. The fort was built in order to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. He named this place as Shah jahanabad. The red fort Delhi covers the area of 254 acres approximately and the outer walls which are also meant for the protection of this royal palace are around 2.4 kilometers. The Red Fort history and architecture shows many things and they have combined European, Persian and Indian art. These art were put together to get a wonderful building in the world. This fort has all the best things which a royal palace should possess, of three different cultures, this style later known as Shahjahani style. The Lahore gate was for public use whereas Khizrabad gate for royal use.
The Humayun Tomb is a complex of buildings as well as the place where the Mughal Emperor Humayun was laid to rest after his demise. The tomb was finished being built in 1562 and the individual responsible behind this was his widow, Hamida Banu Begum. A Persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyath was brought in all the way to design the structure which unfortunately was only half finished by the time Ghiyath passed away. The responsibility was taken up by his son, Sayyed Muhammad Ibn Mirak Ghiyathuddin who finally finished off the construction in 1571. It is located near Nizamuddin in East Delhi and is also very close to the Purana Qila. The whole complex was declared as a UNESCO World heritage in 1993 and also holds the credit for being the first ever garden tomb in the Indian Subcontinent.
Located in Mehrauli, the huge complex is another UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi. This complex contains the Qutub Minar a soaring, finely carved minaret. The ancient Iron Pillar of Mehrauli also lies within this complex. This 7 meter high pillar was constructed by Chandragupta II Vikramaditya. This pillar still stands strong after 1600 years, showing no signs of rust or corrosion, a testament to the skills of Ancient Indian craftsmen. India Gate India Gate at the center of New Delhi is one of India’s national monuments. This monument attached with lots of national pride and prestige commemorates 90,000 soldiers of the British and Indian Army who lost their lives during World War II and 3rd Anglo-Afghan war in 1917. This 42 m tall structure is in the form of an archway across the road where the prestigious Rajpath starts. India’s Republic Day Parade passes through India Gate. India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens in the form of an archway similar to €Arc de Triomphe’ of Paris which in turn is the copy of the “Roman Arch of Titus”. Foundation stone was laid in 1921 and the monument was unveiled by the then Viceroy Lord Irwin in 1931.
Jantar Mantar in New Delhi, built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1710, shows the scientific acumen of ancient India. This great masterpiece of Indian architecture, situated at Parliament Street near Connaught Place, is a popular tourist attraction in the national capital. Besides, it has always attracted architects, historians and scientists from all over the world. Jantar Mantar, also called Delhi Observatory, is maintained by the Rajasthan Government because it was set up by the Jaipur Maharaja. Jantar Mantar got the status of a national monument in 1948. Jantar Mantar is a remarkable structure. It consists of fourteen geometric devices used for measuring time, forecasting weather changes, predicting behavior of planets and finding extra-terrestrial altitude. The whole structure is made of stone and marble with each of them having an engraved astronomical scale.
The Purana Qila or Old Fort is a landmark in Delhi and is overflowing with stories from the nation’s past. The landmark site in Delhi is reflective of a prominent period in Indian history. It was originally built by Humayun in the 1530’s and when this leader was overthrown by the Afghan King Sher Shah, the latter took over the fort and developed it further. The mosque this leader built on site is one of the most popular attractions here. When Humayun recaptured the city several years later, he once again took over the fort and there are extensions seen here that he added during this time. It is indeed a remarkable site, with several rooms and walls made from marble and red sandstones. The architectural design seen on the various archways and entrances, and domes and rooftops is admirable and will leave visitors feeling inspired by this unique South Asian style.
In conclusion for you to be allowed to travel to India and visit above heritage sites in Delhi you must then apply for an Indian Visa if you are not an Indian Citizen